Mladic et le tribunal pénal international pour l’ex Yougoslavie

Ratko Mladic a été condamné à la prison à vie par les juges du Tribunal pénal international pour l’ex- (), mercredi 22 novembre. Dénonçant les mensonges du tribunal, Mladic a immédiatement fait appel

Tout d’abord rappelons ce qu’est le TPI pour l’ex-Yougoslavie.
Le TPI se dit tribunal international, ce qu’il n’est pas. Il n’a aucune légitimité pour s’exprimer au nom des peuples. Il représente seulement les pays de l’, agresseurs armés de la . Il est leur instrument. C’est une arme de guerre destinée, avec les apparences de la justice, à justifier l’agression impérialiste contre la Yougoslavie. Le TPI fut financé par des fonds privés et par les pays de l’OTAN, États-Unis en tête.
D’ailleurs ce sont principalement les patriotes serbes qui furent soumis à la vindicte du TPI et de l’ OTAN. Par exemple Ante Gotovina un général croate accusé de crimes contre l’humanité sur les Serbes, qui dans un premier temps fut condamné à 24 ans de prison, a été libéré en appel, en novembre 2012, provoquant l’incompréhension et le doute sur la crédibilité du Tribunal même des plus naïfs. Quelques jours plus tard c’est Ramush Harandinaj un des principaux chefs militaires des Albanais du Kosovo anti-Serbes qui est libéré car les neuf témoins qui devaient comparaître contre lui ont été assassinés ou sont morts dans des conditions suspectes…
Et que dire sur le fait que nul ne songe à un TPI sur la destruction de l ‘Irak ou du plus grand massacre de l’après-guerre le carnage anti-communiste en Indonésie ou encore sur la guerre du Vietnam où le gouvernement des États-Unis massacra trois millions de Vietnamiens.
Pour vérifier le sérieux des accusations contre le général Mladic rappelons un exemple : Mladic est condamné pour avoir utilisé des “snipers” lors du siège de Sarajevo. Or des militaires alliés commandant en Yougoslavie avaient honnêtement dit la vérité comme le général britannique Michael Rose qui avait démontré que les tirs meurtriers de tireurs embusqués ne pouvaient provenir du camp serbe, à Sarajevo – comme le TPI le proclame – mais des positions occupées par les Bosniaques musulmans, lesquels réclamaient, et obtenaient, grâce à cette provocation, que l’on sanctionnât les Serbes (lire l’enquête du New York Time à ce propos ci -après).
Le principal crime de guerre est l’agression de l’ OTAN contre la Yougoslavie.
Le principal crime de Mladic aux yeux du TPI c’est que ce fils de Partisan anti-fasciste, mort au combat contre les nazis et outsachis croates, ait défendu la souveraineté et l’unité de la République fédérative socialiste de Yougoslavie.
Antoine Manessis, Commission internationale du PRCF

Il est important de rappeler que selon une enquête publiée par la Libre Belgique, les services secrets français auraient protégé Ante Gotovina durant des années, après que la France aurait livré en violation de l’embargo de l’ONU des armes aux croates durant la guerre en Yougoslavie : http://www.lalibre.be/actu/international/comment-la-dgse-a-protege-ante-gotovina-51b8cf3fe4b0de6db9c04abb

Il faut également rappeler la condamnation par plusieurs juges ayant participé au TPIY de ce même TPIY comme une institution ayant peu à voir avec un tribunal. Citons par exemple le juge du TPIY, Fausto Pocar, qui a l’unissons de son collègue le juge Agius avait voté contre l’acquittement des généraux croates et a indiqué dans une déclaration  on ne peut plus claire publiée par le Tribunal de l’ONU : “Je conteste profondément la totalité du verdict en appel qui contredit toute notion de justice”

Snipers de Sarajevo : l’armée française a prouvé les crimes de soldats bosniens

Traduction d’extraits de l’enquête de Mike O’Connor publié le 1 août 1995 dans le journal américain New York Time

Sarjevo, , 31 juillet – Des casques bleus français essayant de confondre des snipers des Serbes de visant les civils dans Sarajevo ont conclu que depuis la mi-juin certains tirs proviennent des soldats du gouvernement tirant délibérément sur leurs propres civils.

Après qu’elle qualifie d’une enquête “incontestable”, une unité de fusiliers marins français qui patrouille contre les snipers a déclaré qu’elle a localisé un tir de sniper depuis un immeuble occupé par les soldats et autres forces de sécurité bosniennes.

(..)

Sous couvert de l’anonymat, un officier français indique que les preuves sont politiquement sensibles. Six casques bleus français de l’unitié anti-sniper qui ont pris part à l’enquête ont été interviewés et souhaité être identifiés par leur nom mais leur commandant, le général Hervé Gobilliard, a insisté pour censurer leurs noms pour ne pas les mettre en danger.

(…)

Les officiers français qui ont mené l’enquête défendent vigoureusement leurs preuves.

Ils disent que le tir de sniper depuis une position du gouvernement (bosnien) s’est arrêté à la mi-juin, quand, après plusieurs mois de suspicion que cet immeuble était utilisé par des snipers, un homme armé a été vu tirant depuis l’immeuble. Les officiers disent qu’ils ont notifié à l’armée bosnienne que ce sniper serait abattu par les soldats français comme ils étaient autorisés à le faire.

“Nous étions sur le point de le tuer comme nous l’aurions fait d’un sniper serbe” a déclaré un officier français partie prenante de l’enquête.

L’armée bosnienne a protesté qu’elle ne connaissait rien au sujet de cet homme armé, mais les tirs depuis cet immeuble ont immédiatement stoppé a indiqué l’officier.

(…)

Les scènes de civils abattus en pleines rues ont aidé à construire le soutien à la cause bosnienne. Les reporters de presse attendent souvent près des zones les plus vulnérables au tir de sniper.

CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS: IN SARAJEVO; Investigation Concludes Bosnian Government Snipers Shot at Civilians

SARAJEVO, Bosnia and Herzegovina, July 31— French peacekeeping troops in the United Nations unit trying to curtail Bosnian Serb sniping at civilians in Sarajevo have concluded that until mid-June some gunfire also came from Government soldiers deliberately shooting at their own civilians.

After what it called a “definitive” investigation, a French marine unit that patrols against snipers said it traced sniper fire to a building normally occupied by Bosnian soldiers and other security forces.

A senior French officer said, “We find it almost impossible to believe, but we are sure that it is true.”

The officer insisted on anonymity, saying the findings are politically sensitive. Six French peacekeepers in the anti-sniping unit who took part in the investigation were interviewed and were willing to be identified by name, but their commander, Gen. Herve Gobilliard, insisted that their names be withheld to avoid putting them at risk.

The spokesman for President Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia dismissed the results of the investigation as preposterous on their face.

The spokesman, Kemal Muftic, said any investigation that concluded that the Bosnian military was aiming at its own people was intended to allow the United Nations to escape responsibility for not preventing war crimes by Bosnian Serb forces.

“Instead of doing its duty, the United Nations wishes to blame both sides equally,” Mr. Muftic said. “By doing so, the United Nations can justify remaining impassive.”

Referring to the Bosnian Serb shelling of Sarajevo, which during an interview killed four civilians within half a block of his office, he asked, “Is there anyone who thinks we have to add to what the Serbs are already doing?”

A senior Bosnian general, Mustafa Hajrulahovic, whose responsibilities include the security of Sarajevo, said the accusations were part of a French effort to help Bosnian Serb forces by damaging the Bosnian Government’s reputation.

“My wife and my two children walk the streets of this city; the French are saying I have ordered that they be shot by snipers,” he said. “Their conclusions are ridiculous.”

French officers who conducted the investigation adamantly defend their findings.

They say the sniper fire from the Government position stopped in mid-June, when, after several months of suspicion that the building was being used by snipers, a gunman was seen firing from the building. The officers say they notified the Bosnian Army that the sniper was about to be shot by French troops, as they are authorized to do.

“We were going to kill him just as we shoot Serb snipers,” said a French officer involved in the investigation.

The Bosnian Army protested that it knew nothing about the gunman, but firing from the building immediately stopped, the officer said.

Sniper fire against civilians, like indiscriminate artillery shelling, is a tactic used by Bosnian Serb nationalists since they began besieging Sarajevo more than three years ago. The sniping has killed hundreds.

The scenes of civilians cut down on the street have helped build support for the Bosnian cause. News photographers often wait near areas most vulnerable to sniper fire.

Officers in the anti-sniping unit said they were inclined to believe that renegade elements in the Bosnian military were also shooting at civilians in an attempt to generate news coverage that increased international sympathy for the Bosnian Government. But they emphasized that this was only their best hypothesis.

“We know who is responsible, for certain,” a French officer said. “But we are not sure of the reason.”

Some diplomats say they believe that there are small rogue groups within the Bosnian military that benefit from the Government’s instability, either politically or through control of commerce on the black market. But the diplomats acknowledge that they have no hard evidence to support this conclusion.

The results of the French investigation were not officially reported to upper-level United Nations officials here, and no report was written, a senior French officer said. He said that the matter had been handled informally because the sniping from the Government-controlled building stopped.

A top-level United Nations military officer said he had not heard of the investigation. “All we have ever had on the issue of the Bosnian Government sniping its own people is rumors,” he said.

One benefit of not making the matter official — thereby risking that it would become public — is to avoid a dispute between the Bosnian Government and the United Nations when the role and even the future of peacekeeping here are under intensive review.

Members of the United Nations anti-sniping unit, who said they are equipped with infrared and thermal viewing devices to watch suspected snipers’ nests, said they began their investigation after studying the trajectory of bullets striking near central Sarajevo. They concluded that some of the shooting was coming from the former Parliament building. “It was the only place where some of the snipers could be,” said a soldier on the investigating team.

The building, about 40 stories high, was badly damaged in fighting in 1992 and is now a position manned by the Bosnian Army and security forces.

It is used by Bosnian Army snipers to fire on areas held by Serbs, said a foreign military officer who has inspected the building several times, and other foreign officers who monitor sniper incidents.

General Hajrulahovic said the Bosnian snipers stationed there fire only on Bosnian Serb military positions.

But the building is in a line between buildings from which Bosnian Serb snipers often fire, and areas of Sarajevo where many people have been shot. French officers said they came to believe that the same Bosnian soldiers who shot at Serbs also fired at Bosnian civilians.

To test their suspicions, they said, they set a trap. Beginning on June 8, they put one of their armored vehicles near the buildings used by Bosnian Serb snipers, while other vehicles were hidden on either side of the former Parliament building.

For the next week, officers said, there were many times when no firing was heard from the Bosnian Serb positions, while shots were heard coming from the former Parliament building.

Then for three days, for several hours at a time, a United Nations armored personnel carrier was stationed so it could be clearly seen from the building. While it was there, no sniper bullets were recorded hitting in the areas of Sarajevo monitored by the anti-sniping unit. When the armored personnel carrier was withdrawn, firing directed toward those areas resumed, French officers said.

Finally, the French said, they began to examine the building with what they described as very sophisticated optical enhancement devices that they have only recently received. That was when the gunman was seen, they said.

Though they said they do not keep records of victims of snipers, the marines said they recall at least two civilians who were hit by bullets they believe were fired from the former Parliament building during their investigation.

They said that in the same period they saw bullets fired from the building strike very close to a number of other civilians, as well as other bullets that hit United Nations vehicles.